In atomic potentiation, and the arrangement of the particle’s constituents, there must be, inevitably, particles that are, and remain, undifferentiated ‘raw’ particles, having not, by a process made understandable by understanding embryonic stem cells which, from a blastocyst are pluripotent stem cells, obtained structural formation instruction. This means they can divided into more types of cells and become any type of cell in the body. In atomic potentiation, when one atom becomes another, it is because of dual-atomic potentiation between a pluripotent, or undifferentiated ‘raw’ atom, it acquires the positive charge of the nucleus and the negative charge of the electron. When an atom is arranged in the form of elements, elements vary from one another by the number of protons and neutrons they contain in their nucleus. The heavier the element is, the more neutrons and protons it has in it. But what about unpotentiated particles that never ‘attach’ to a cluster, is never pulled in by gravity to form molecular clouds? These particles without differentiation are what we observe as dark matter. It is put together by the strong nuclear force, just as normal atoms are, but at this point we don’t know its constituent particles. We don’t know by which combination of quarks the proton within the nucleus takes formation instruction. This brings me to another point: particles as messenger, capable of carrying signals, and information.
In the standard model of atomic physics, particles are separated into categories, the fermions, the leptons, and the hadrons. Light is a photon and, without mass, travels through the theoretical higgs field at the absolute speed limit allowed by gravity. The higgs boson, bosons being a part of the hadron family of particles, have different instruction functions. A whole science, quantum chromodynamics, is devoted to predicting pairing parts by using light signatures to predict pairings of quarks. For instance, one particle made be composed of two up-quarks and one down quark, while another particle could be composed of a different combination. The list of quarks is extensive: top, bottom, up, down, charmed, and strange. The strong nuclear force is one of the stronger forces in nature, and there are carrier particles, like gluons, that correlate the position of electrons. What does this have to do with dark matter? We have to look at the concept of anti-matter in a different light: anti-matter being not the opposite atom, with just a different charge or arrangement of protons and neutrons, but being an undifferentiated atom, the type of atom that isn’t potentiated in clusters or molecular clouds. These are the white dwarfs of the particles, having no fuel or animate internal structure, it doesn’t collide with other particles and, by fusing with them, acquire a new mass, no new protons and neutrons. This begs the question: if the subatomic world is raw, and remains raw. It is dark matter because within the atomic structure, electrons aren’t exposed to heat as a solid object, therefore there can be no quantum jump between the emission of higher frequencies of light. So if its mechanism for emitting radiation is absent, it would predictably, be dark